Public Speaking

Instruction in preparation and delivery of speeches to an audience.

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Did you know that almost ALL of UMA Libraries' catalogs and databases will create citations for you? When you find a resource, simply scan the database for a "(quotation mark)" icon, or for a label such as Cite this Item, or Cite, or Citation Export.

Giving Credit to Whom It Is Due

When you write a research paper, you must document the sources you used to produce it. When quoting or even paraphrasing another person's idea in your paper, you must give credit to that person so that the reader can find the source you cited.

Sources for which you should provide full citations include books, articles, interviews, Internet sources, government documents, software, videotapes, etc. You cite the sources briefly within the text of your paper, and then give the full citation in the "Bibliography" or "Works Cited" section at the end of your paper.

Additionally, IT IS REQUIRED. See UMA's Academic Integrity Policy which spells out your responsibility as a student. The way to avoid plagiarism is to carefully cite all sources used. Your instructors will indicate which citation style they want you to use when citing your sources. Most often this is either APA or MLA citation style.

Please double-check citations before submitting your work! We cannot guarantee the accuracy of citations created using these free, online tools.

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The UMA Writing Centers and VAWLT (Virtual, Accessibility, Writing, Library & Technology tutors)
offer UMA learners free online writing help and tutoring sessions. Visit their websites to learn more!

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The UMA Writing Centers and VAWLT offer UMA students free, online tutoring sessions. Visit their websites to learn more!

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The UMA Writing Center supports writers and fosters a culture of writing at UMA, both in person & online.

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UMA VAWLT provides virtual support to by chat, email, & Zoom.

Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction.

Please be careful of the ads!

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)


Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site is a fairly comprehensive resource for the Modern Language Association's (MLA) style and formatting rules.
Use the left side bar on OWL's page to navigate to the style or other help that you need.

UPDATED TO 9th ed.

MLA Style

MLA Style Introduction  
MLA Overview and Workshop  
MLA Formatting and Style Guide      MLA Sample Paper
     General Format      MLA Works Cited: Other Common Sources
     MLA Formatting and Style Guide      MLA Additional Resources
     MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics      MLA Abbreviations
     MLA Formatting Quotations      MLA Sample Works Cited Page
     MLA Endnotes and Footnotes      MLA Tables, Figures, and Examples
     MLA Works Cited Page: Basic Format      MLA PowerPoint Presentation
     MLA Works Cited Page: Books      MLA FAQs
     MLA Works Cited Page: Periodicals      MLA Classroom Poster
     MLA Works Cited: Electronic Resources      MLA 8th Edition Changes

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)


Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site is a fairly comprehensive resource for the American Psychological Association (APA) style and formatting rules.
Use the left side bar of the OWL page to navigate to the style or other help that you need.



APA Style

APA Style Introduction  
APA Overview and Workshop  
APA Formatting and Style Guide  
     General Format      APA Stylistics: Avoiding Bias
     In-Text Citations: The Basics       APA Stylistics: The Basics
     In-Text Citations: Author/Authors      APA Headings and Seriation
     Footnotes and Endnotes      APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation
     Reference List: Basic Rules      APA Sample Paper
     Reference List: Author/Authors      APA Tables and Figures
     Reference List: Articles in Periodicals      APA Abbreviations
     Reference List: Books      Statistics in APA
     Reference List: Other Print Sources      APA Classroom Poster
     Reference List: Electronic Sources      APA Changes 6th Edition
     Reference List: Other Non-Print Sources      General APA FAQs
     Additional Resources     
     Types of APA Papers  

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site is a fairly comprehensive resource for The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) style and formatting rules.
Use the left side bar of the OWL page to navigate to the style or other help that you need.




CMOS Style

CMOS Introduction  
CMOS Overview and Workshop  
CMOS Formatting and Style Guide  
     Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition      Bluebook Citation for Legal Materials
     General Format      Miscellaneous Sources
     Books      CMOS Author Date Sample Paper
     Periodicals      CMOS NB Sample Paper
     Web Sources      CMOS NB PowerPoint Presentation
     Audiovisual Recordings and other Multimedia      CMOS Author Date PPT Presentation
     Interviews, Personal Communication      CMOS Author Date Classroom Poster
     Legal, Public, and Unpublished Materials      CMOS NB Classroom Poster

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Excelsior Online Writing Lab


UPDATED TO 9th ed.

MLA In-Text Citations                                 MLA Works Cited

MLA Style Demo (videos)                           MLA Activity (tutorial)

Excelsior Online Writing Lab


APA In-Text Citations                                  APA References

APA Formatting Guide                                APA Headings (setting up the paper)

APA Activity (tutorial)                                        APA Side By Side (compares reference, in-text citation,
                                                                                                                     and in-text citation with author set-up)

Format a Citation in APA Style Using EBSCOhost

Citation help from Academic Search Complete & other EBSCO databases

Academic Search Complete (along with Business Source Complete, PsycInfo, and other EBSCO databases) will create a citation for you! Look for the "Cite" button to view citations in all the major citation formats.

Citation Basics & Links

Citing your sources is an important step in the research and writing process. Choose one of the following to get started:

Documentation style depends on your area of study. For instance, the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is often used in the social sciences, whereas the Modern Language Association (MLA) style is used in the humanities. Check with your professor to be sure you are using the right style for your papers.

Here's a short overview of citations:

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