Citations

APA, Chicago/Turabian, CSE, MLA citation style guides

OWL @ Purdue

Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction.

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Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

 

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site is a fairly comprehensive resource for the Modern Language Association's (MLA) style and formatting rules.
Use the left side bar on OWL's page to navigate to the style or other help that you need.

UPDATED TO 9th ed.

MLA Style

MLA Style Introduction  
MLA Overview and Workshop  
MLA Formatting and Style Guide      MLA Sample Paper
     General Format      MLA Works Cited: Other Common Sources
     MLA Formatting and Style Guide      MLA Additional Resources
     MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics      MLA Abbreviations
     MLA Formatting Quotations      MLA Sample Works Cited Page
     MLA Endnotes and Footnotes      MLA Tables, Figures, and Examples
     MLA Works Cited Page: Basic Format      MLA PowerPoint Presentation
     MLA Works Cited Page: Books      MLA FAQs
     MLA Works Cited Page: Periodicals      MLA Classroom Poster
     MLA Works Cited: Electronic Resources      MLA 8th Edition Changes

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

 

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site is a fairly comprehensive resource for the American Psychological Association (APA) style and formatting rules.
Use the left side bar of the OWL page to navigate to the style or other help that you need.

 

 

APA Style

APA Style Introduction  
APA Overview and Workshop  
APA Formatting and Style Guide  
     General Format      APA Stylistics: Avoiding Bias
     In-Text Citations: The Basics       APA Stylistics: The Basics
     In-Text Citations: Author/Authors      APA Headings and Seriation
     Footnotes and Endnotes      APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation
     Reference List: Basic Rules      APA Sample Paper
     Reference List: Author/Authors      APA Tables and Figures
     Reference List: Articles in Periodicals      APA Abbreviations
     Reference List: Books      Statistics in APA
     Reference List: Other Print Sources      APA Classroom Poster
     Reference List: Electronic Sources      APA Changes 6th Edition
     Reference List: Other Non-Print Sources      General APA FAQs
     Additional Resources     
     Types of APA Papers  

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site is a fairly comprehensive resource for The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) style and formatting rules.
Use the left side bar of the OWL page to navigate to the style or other help that you need.

 

 

 

CMOS Style

CMOS Introduction  
CMOS Overview and Workshop  
CMOS Formatting and Style Guide  
     Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition      Bluebook Citation for Legal Materials
     General Format      Miscellaneous Sources
     Books      CMOS Author Date Sample Paper
     Periodicals      CMOS NB Sample Paper
     Web Sources      CMOS NB PowerPoint Presentation
     Audiovisual Recordings and other Multimedia      CMOS Author Date PPT Presentation
     Interviews, Personal Communication      CMOS Author Date Classroom Poster
     Legal, Public, and Unpublished Materials      CMOS NB Classroom Poster

OWL @ Excelsior College

Image of the Excelsior Online Writing Lab homepage

Excelsior Online Writing Lab

 

UPDATED TO 9th ed.

MLA In-Text Citations                                 MLA Works Cited

MLA Style Demo (videos)                           MLA Activity (tutorial)

Excelsior Online Writing Lab

 

APA In-Text Citations                                  APA References

APA Formatting Guide                                APA Headings (setting up the paper)

APA Activity (tutorial)                                        APA Side By Side (compares reference, in-text citation,
                                                                                                                     and in-text citation with author set-up)

Accessibility Statement
The University provides reasonable accommodations to individuals with disabilities upon request. Any person with a disability who needs accommodations for a workshop should contact UMA Libraries at uma.library@maine.edu to submit a request. Due to the lead-time needed to arrange certain accommodations, individuals should submit their request no later 1 week before the event.